By Morris Weitz

20th-Century Philosophy: The Analytic culture (Readings within the heritage of Philosophy Series)
393 pp. CONTENTS: common advent; Realism and customary experience; Logical research; Logical Positivism; Conceptual Elucidation; Bibliography; Index.Keywords: PHILOSOPHY

Show description

Read Online or Download Twentieth-Century Philosophy: The Analytic Tradition PDF

Similar other social sciences books

Knowledge and Mind: A Philosophical Introduction

This is often the one modern textual content to hide either epistemology and philosophy of brain at an introductory point. It additionally serves as a basic creation to philosophy: it discusses the character and strategies of philosophy in addition to easy logical instruments of the exchange. The ebook is split into 3 elements.

Hume on Motivation and Virtue: New Essays (Philosophers in Depth)

This assortment is dedicated to questions in meta-ethics and ethical psychology bobbing up from the paintings of David Hume. the gathering focuses on questions bobbing up from Humes perspectives on cause, motivation and advantage together with new essays from amazing Hume students.

Additional resources for Twentieth-Century Philosophy: The Analytic Tradition

Sample text

Fewer than ten or more than 100,000 cannot count as a polis at all. Citizens must be able to share and communicate among themselves, and have mutual knowledge of the character of other citizens to whom they are entrusting offices and whose performance they will be auditing. Moreover, the hierarchical division of human nature means that the obligations of citizens to anyone outside the political community are very limited. Thus Aristotle in practice offers a very elusive ideal. Even if he understands political participation in a free, self-governing community as being important to a life of virtue, he does so within the frame of a teleologically determined account of human nature, and appears to cater for a very limited cross-section of humanity, excluding by definition non-Greeks, slaves and women from any such possibilities.

While sometimes expressed in contractual terms, based on living under a set of laws, the relationship between citizens is in general a closer bond of feeling that springs from the shared benefits and familiarity that develops between them. Thus, faced with a choice between supporting friend or country, we should always put our country first. Citizenship is a different kind of relationship from those of race, tribe or language; it can include considerable diversity of wealth and rank, and can extend to larger numbers and a larger territory than Aristotle allows.

Where a tyrant rules, the state is not so much defective as non-existent. More than the absence of a monarch, or of the presence of any particular institutions, a republic is a state distinguished by the fact that the people constitute the original authority, and power is exercised in their interests even when it is delegated to magistrates. The term res publica literally means ‘the public thing’. Cicero’s briefest definition – ‘res publica res populi’: the republic is the people’s affair – indicates that the people are both the primary concern of government and the source of authority; so all government should be in their common interest, and they retain rights over the exercise of power.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.18 of 5 – based on 15 votes