By Benjamin A. Elman

Historians of technological know-how and Sinologists have lengthy wanted a unified narrative to explain the chinese language improvement of recent technology, medication, and expertise on the grounds that 1600. They welcomed the looks in 2005 of Benjamin Elman's masterwork, all alone phrases. Now Elman has retold the tale of the Jesuit influence on overdue imperial China, circa 1600-1800, and the Protestant period in early glossy China from the 1840s to 1900 in a concise and available shape excellent for the school room. This coherent account of the emergence of contemporary technological know-how in China locations that emergence in ancient context for either common scholars of contemporary technological know-how and experts of China. (20070112)

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In 1701, however, he appointed an opponent of the Jesuits as his legate to China to ensure that the prohibition of Chinese rituals among Chinese converts was enforced. Disenchanted with the pope’s representatives, the Kangxi emperor decided to deport all missionary troublemakers. To the dismay of the Jesuits, the new policy also rolled back the emperor’s 1692 Edict of Toleration. 42 The Kangxi emperor now understood that the Jesuits were THE JESUIT LEGACY 35 agents of Rome. The eldest prince, for his part, thought the missionaries were spies for the Spanish or Portuguese who were preparing an invasion of China.

For them, qi could be explained as both organized activity and the material structures that embodied it. According to this view, the five phases actually referred to qualities of qi that made up all substances—another side of their denotation as five sorts of fundamental processes. For Song Yingxing (b. ca. 33 The Jesuits and Mappa Mundi in Ming China Jesuits added to the geographical knowledge of the Ming literati in the late sixteenth century. For instance, the first translated edition of Matteo Ricci’s map of the world (mappa mundi), which was produced with the help of Chinese converts, was printed in 1584.

His father and other grandfather had been book collectors interested in numerology. As Ming loyalists, they kept their distance from the Manchu regime. In addition, although Mei recognized the value of Jesuit learning, he was leery of Christian influence in the Astrocalendrical Bureau. During the emperor’s southern tour in 1702, Li Guangdi presented the Kangxi emperor with a copy of Mei Wending’s Queries on Mathematical Astronomy, written in the 1690s. Li hoped that the emperor would be pleased with Mei at a time when the Rites Controversy was forcing the court to rely less on the Jesuits for astronomical and mathematical expertise.

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