By John Daintith, Derek Gjertsen

For scientists of every age it is a nice ebook with concise descriptions of 100's of scientists from the Greeks onwards. a short description in their kin history, whilst born and died is through all you must be aware of, approximately their major medical endeavors. There are few seen omissions yet i have to carry to job the editors for no longer directory probably the best British chemist of the 19th century - Sir Joseph Wilson Swan (inventor of the electrical gentle bulb; glossy photographic paper and the creation of polymeric fibres).

At this cost you won't discover a higher fast reference booklet.

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Extra resources for A Dictionary of Scientists (Oxford Paperback Reference)

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His first publication was on the statistics of games of chance Considérations sur la théorie mathémaique de jeu (1802; Considerations on the Mathematical Theory of Games) and his work at Bourg led to his appointment as professor of mathematics at the Lyceum of Lyons, and then in 1809 as professor of analysis at the Ecole Polytechnique in Paris. His talents were recognized by Napoleon, who in 1808 appointed him inspector general of the newly formed university system a post Ampere held until his death.

When, however, Athens, with little cause to love the power of Macedon, heard of the death of Alexander (323) they turned against Aristotle and accused him, as they had Socrates earlier in the century, of impiety. To prevent Athens from "sinning twice against philosophy" he moved to Chalcis where he died the following year. Aristotle not only developed an original and systematic philosophy but applied it in a deliberate manner to most areas of the knowledge of his day. The resulting treatises on such subjects as physics, cosmology, embryology, and mineralogy acquired a considerable authority, becoming for medieval scholars if not the last word on any subject then invariably the first.

Previously it had been thought that protein was the hereditary material and thus Avery's work was an important step toward the eventual discovery, made nine years later by James Watson and Francis Crick, of the chemical basis of heredity. Avogadro, Lorenzo Romano Amedeo Carlo, Count of Quaregna and Cerreto (1776-1856) Italian Physicist and Chemist Avogadro was born in Turin in northern Italy and came from a long line of lawyers. He too was trained in law and practiced for some years before taking up the study of mathematics and physics in 1800.

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