By Leslie H Stennes; Michigan State University. African Studies Center

Show description

Read or Download A reference grammar of Adamawa Fulani PDF

Similar grammar books

Genre and Institutions: Social Processes in the Workplace and School (Open Linguistics Series)

The participants to this quantity current genres as cases of social approaches, enacting a variety of very important institutional practices, for that reason additionally shaping people's subjectivities. Genres signify purposive and staged methods of creating meanings in a tradition. The book's specific declare to originality is that, utilizing systemic practical grammar, it demonstrates how given genres construct or enact social practices, how academic settings supply contexts during which a few apprenticeship into such genres happens, and the way theorizing approximately such issues is helping to construct a thought of social motion.

Language, Space and Mind: The Conceptual Geometry of Linguistic Meaning

The concept that spatial cognition offers the root of linguistic meanings, even hugely summary meanings, has been recommend through a couple of linguists in recent times. This ebook takes this concept into new dimensions and develops a theoretical framework in accordance with uncomplicated geometric rules. All audio system are conceptualisers who've some degree of view either in a literal and in an summary experience, making a choice on their viewpoint in house, time and the genuine global.

Reciprocal Constructions

This monograph constitutes the 1st finished research of reciprocal buildings and comparable phenomena within the world’s languages. Reciprocal buildings (of the kind the 2 boys hit one another, The poets appreciate each one other’s poems) have frequently been the topic of language-particular reports, however it is simply during this paintings really international comparative photograph emerges.

Ellipsis in Conjunction

The papers of the amount reflect the continuing debate on techniques in the direction of comparable themes: conjunction and ellipsis. the key concerns are the syntactic dating among the conjuncts, the syntactic class of the conjunction phrases, the scale of the conjuncts, the syntactic and semantic prestige of the null components, and semantic and data structural regulations.

Additional resources for A reference grammar of Adamawa Fulani

Example text

A locative element is required by a few transitive verbs such as put and place (Put the handkerchiefs in the drawer; Place the dish in the microwave). Without this locative element, the clause is syntactically and semantically incomplete (*Put the dish). It therefore has the status of a central clause element. A locative element is also predicted by many intransitive verbs of motion such as come, go, fly, drive, which can predict such meanings as Direction (flying south) and Goal, which marks an end-point (go to Rome).

Here is an example of a supplementive non-finite -en clause: Built of cypress, brick and glass, the house exhibits many of the significant contributions that Wright made to contemporary architecture. 14 ENGLISH GRAMMAR In spoken discourse, and in written texts that imitate spoken language, such as fictional dialogue, we can often come across supplementives that are freestanding, despite their subordinate form, as in the following italicised example (see also chapters 5, 7 and 10): The large size doesn’t seem to be available.

4 In addition, the clause may contain a number of Adjuncts (A). These are usually syntactically able to be omitted. Those of the largest class, the circumstantial Adjuncts, are the most integrated in the clause. Somewhat separated from clause structure by a pause or a comma, stance Adjuncts express a speaker’s or writer’s attitude, while connective Adjuncts link clauses or parts of clauses, and paragraphs. 5 Objects and Complements are determined by verb type and are limited in number in any one clause.

Download PDF sample

Rated 4.74 of 5 – based on 18 votes