By P. Suetens, R. Verbeeck, D. Delaere, J. Nuyts, B. Bijnens (auth.), Mario Stefanelli, Arie Hasman, Marius Fieschi, Jan Talmon (eds.)

This publication comprises 26 papers describing learn within the do- major of synthetic Intelligence in medication. The papers are grouped round the following topics: method, wisdom illustration, medical functions, modelling, doubtful- ty administration, wisdom acquisition, and the consumer perspec- tive. The booklet provides an summary of the present kingdom of AI in drugs learn in Europe. It provides a number of techni- ques and techniques which are more likely to play a massive position in destiny functions. within the part on medical applica- tions not just present platforms are defined, yet result of assessment reports are provided as well.

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Extra resources for AIME 91: Proceedings of the Third Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Medicine, Maastricht, June 24–27, 1991

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Typical case a. -----r--, O,54--+---+--+- O , o~---+---I__-_+-___1 ~ ~ O , 4~---+---I__-~ ~ C o O,3-t- - - t - - - r - :eo g. a. 0 ,z~---+--, >. ~ N >. c ~ >. t::. Co ~ >. "0 c: N >. c ~ >. t::. U'i en ~ Co ~ Figure 4. Proportion of common concepts in the think-aloud and post-hoc protocols. 48 The role o/biomedical knowledge in clinical reasoning revisited Our hypotheses concerning the application of biomedical knowledge were based on one central principle, viz. that in difficult cases people revert to the application of biomedical knowledge.

L. (1988). The relationship between comprehension and reasoning in medical expertise. In M. Chi, R. Glaser, & M. 287-31O). Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Publishers. Hunt, E. (1989) Cognitive science: Definition, status, and questions. Annual Review of Psychology, 40, 603-629. Johnson-Laird, P. N. (1983). Mental models. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press. , & Patel, V. L. (1990). Domain knowledge and hypothesis generation in diagnostic reasoning. Journal of Medical Decision Making, 10, 31-46.

A widely adopted solution has been to use various kinds of probing tasks. A probe that we have found useful is a task that we call diagnostic 28 explanation (Patel & Groen, 1986), in which the subject is asked to "explain the underlying pathophysiology" of a patient's condition. We have found that physicians respond to this question by explaining the patient's symptoms in terms of a diagnosis. , Patil, Solovitz, & Schwartz, 1984). However, we find that physicians interpret our question in a much more open-ended fashion.

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