By Kleppner .D And Kolenkow R.

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0 . 60" J:. 8 a: Mercury The International Temperature Scale requires interpolation between ooc and 100°C to be carried out using a platinum resistance thermometer, so if both thermometers had been calibrated between oo and 100° in this way, they would then agree at intermediate temperatures. This is also a consequence of the Zeroth Law. All physical thermometric scales depend on various properties of substances, so they all suffer from the problem of non-linearity, including a scale based on the resistance of a platinum wire.

In contrast, one cannot imagine all the processes involved in combustion going into reverse to recreate the original fuel. But we can grow new fuel by planting trees, which can use carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere by previous combustion. During our discussion of work and heat, which now follows, you will learn how in an idealised way it is possible to achieve a reversible process in a compression or expansion, for example, and how we represent real irreversible processes on state point diagrams.

If an atmospheric pressure of 992 mbar is recorded, what is the pressure in Pa? 992 [bar] and 1 [bar] = 105 [Pa], it follows that 992 [mbar] = 99 200 [Pa]. When we measure pressure, we generally obtain a reading relative to the local atmospheric pressure. An instrument designed to measure pressure is called a pressure gauge, and the reading it gives is called gauge pressure. Since the instrument is situated within the atmosphere to measure the pressure of a closed system, logically it can only measure a value relative to the pressure around it.

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