By Hilary Wise

The Vocabulary of recent French offers a clean perception into modern French.
With this publication, Hilary clever bargains the 1st entire review of the trendy French vocabulary: its ancient assets, formal company and social and stylistic functions.
themes lined include:
* exterior impacts at the language
* notice formation
* semantic change
* kind and register
furthermore, the writer seems to be on the courting among social and lexical switch and examines makes an attempt at intervention within the improvement of the language.
every one bankruptcy is concluded through notes for additional analyzing, and by means of feedback for undertaking paintings that are designed to extend wisdom of particular lexical phenomena and allow the student-reader to take advantage of lexicographic databases of all kinds.
The Vocabulary of contemporary French is an obtainable and engaging research of the connection among a country and its language, in addition to delivering a key textual content for all scholars of recent French.

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Additional resources for The Vocabulary of Modern French: Origins, Structure and Function

Example text

The key term fief (<*fehu, ‘cattle’) was a gift, usually of land, from the feudal lord to his vassal in return for loyalty and military support. It is possible that gant was taken from Frankish because of the symbolic role of the glove in ceremonies associated with the conferring of a fief, and with ritual challenges. Ban was first a feudal expression, meaning the body of vassals subject to3 a particular seigneur; then it came to mean the act of summoning one’s vassals, and finally, any official summons or proclamation (hence bans de mariage).

The majority of lexical items in the earliest French texts, and indeed the core lexis of the modern language, can be traced back to the spoken language of the imperial age. We should therefore look briefly at the lexis of Vulgar Latin: the ways in which it differed from that of the Classical language, and its main lines of development. Reduction and regularisation Classical Latin had a wealth of literary and philosophical vocabulary, with quantities of near synonyms in many fields; for example, celer, velox and rapidus all have the meaning ‘swift’, in slightly different, if overlapping contexts.

This must account in large part for the proportionally greater imprint left by the Germanic superstrate, compared to the Celtic substrate. The majority of the newcomers were soldiers and farmers, skilled in husbandry, agriculture and hunting, and these activities are reflected in the distribution of loan words from this period. Features of the landscape and their boundaries carry names of Germanic origin: bois, forêt, bosquet, jardin, haie, marche (in the sense of ‘border’), as do tree names like aulne ‘alder’, houx ‘holly’, hêtre ‘beech’, saule ‘willow’, and products of the soil: blé, framboise, cresson ‘watercress’.

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